Advanced Grammar for IELTS Writing Task 1 - PELA (2022)

Advanced Grammar for IELTS Writing Task 1

  • Advanced Grammar for IELTS Writing Task 1 - PELA (1)Chris Quinn
  • Advanced Grammar for IELTS Writing Task 1 - PELA (2)April 14, 2022
  • Advanced Grammar for IELTS Writing Task 1 - PELA (3) Effective English WRITING tips IELTS Strategies & Tips Important English GRAMMAR you should learn! Useful English VOCABULARY!

To get the highest grammar score for your Academic Writing Task 1 IELTS response, you need to show you can use a variety of unusual, advanced grammatical tricks to create strong, effective sentences in your Task 1 response. Study these IELTS tips for grammar below to improve your Academic IELTS Writing score!

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  • What verb tense to use in Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 responses

    Unfortunately, it depends on what verb you are using. In addition, it depends on the time period that is being shown in the Task 1 chart. Fortunately, most of the time, you will want to use the past tense, but it is better if you can show as much variety of in what verb tenses you use.

    For some verbs (such as ‘show’) the simple present tense can and probably should be used instead of the past tense. This is because when using these verbs, we are usually referring to what we are seeing as we are looking at them right now.

    For example, if we look at this chart:

    Advanced Grammar for IELTS Writing Task 1 - PELA (4)
    Portland Auto Vehicles Sales Chart

    We could write sentences about this chart using the present tense:

    The graph shows an increase in truck sales from 2001 to 2002.

    It can be seen that Truck sales increased from 2001 to 2002.

    Basically, these sentences mean that I am looking at the chart right now, and this is what I see right now.

    NOTE: Using the passive voice (‘be seen’), can help raise your IELTS Writing score!

    We could have used different grammar using the simple past tense and write sentences that give the same information.

    Truck sales experienced a increase from 2001 to 2002.

    Truck sales saw an increase from 2001 to 2002.

    Most of the time, you should be using the verb tense that is appropriate for the time the chart shows.

    When the IELTS Task 1 chart shows information about the past, use the past tense to describe that information.

    On the other hand, if the IELTS Task 1 chart shows predictions about the future, use the future tense to describe that information.

    Alternatively, many IELTS Task 1 charts, graphs, and diagrams show processes as if they are just factual information. You can see an example of this HERE. For those kinds of diagrams,

    For some of the more complicated IELTS Task 1 writing responses, you will need to write some information about the past, some about the present, and some about the future.

    How to usethe former, the latterin IELTS Task 1

    If you are talking about (and comparing) two things, you can use the terms ‘the former’ and ‘the latter’. These terms created advanced grammar connections in your Academic IELTS Task 1 writing responses.

    Basically, ‘the former’ refers to the first of two things you have already introduced. ‘The latter’ refers to the second of two things.

    Dave and John went to different colleges. The former went to Harvard and the latter went to Oxford.

    This means:

    • Dave went to Harvard.
    • John went to Oxford.

    You ALWAYS need to use the article ‘the’ when using these terms (‘the former’ and ‘the latter’).

    How to use respectivelyin IELTS Task 1

    When it comes to great vocabulary for IELTS Task 1, the word ‘respectively’ can create very advanced grammar. If you want to talk about two or three things, you can use the term ‘respectively’ to link information in interesting ways.

    Basically, ‘respectively’ links up two lists of items, telling the reader that the first item in the first list is connected to the first item in the second list, and so on.

    Dave, John, and Seth went to Harvard, Oxford and Yale, respectively.

    By putting the word ‘respectively’ at the end of the sentence, this means:

    • Dave went to Harvard.
    • John went to Oxford.
    • Seth went to Yale.

    ‘Dave’ is the first item in the list of people, and ‘Harvard’ is the first item in the list of colleges. Therefore, Dave is the person who went to Harvard.

    In addition, because ‘John’ and ‘Oxford’ are second in each list, they are connected. The same is true with ‘Seth’ and ‘Yale’.

    If I don’t add the word ‘respectively’, this sentence will mean something very different.

    Dave, John, and Seth went to Harvard, Oxford and Yale.

    This sentence means that:

    • Dave went to Harvard, Oxford and Yale!
    • John went to Harvard, Oxford and Yale!
    • Seth went to Harvard, Oxford and Yale!

    So, you can see that the word ‘respectively’ can be very important. However, we recommend you only use it once in a Task 1 writing response. If you use it more than once, you are not showing enough variety in your grammar.

    Advanced Grammar for IELTS Writing Task 1 - PELA (5)

    How to use the word ‘Respectively’

    ALWAYS put a comma in front of the word ‘respectively’!

    Words that describe numbers in unusual ways

    ‘somewhat’

    You can use the adverb ‘somewhat’ but ONLY to describe adjectives. When used this way, ‘somewhat’ basically means ‘not large and not small, but somewhere in-between’.

    There was a somewhat dramatic increase in the price from 2016 to 2017.

    ‘relatively’

    You can use the adverb ‘relatively’ but ONLY to describe adjectives. When used this way, ‘relatively’ basically means ‘compared with something else.

    There was a relatively dramatic increase in the price from 2016 to 2017.

    ‘fairly’

    You can use the adverb ‘fairly’ but ONLY to describe adjectives. When used this way, ‘fairly’ basically means ‘very’.

    There was a fairly dramatic increase in the price from 2016 to 2017.

    Summary

    So, remember to practice using the above grammar in mock IELTS Writing tests. Think about what verb tenses you should use when analyzing Task 1 graphs and charts. Often, you can raise your IELTS Writing score by changing or adding just a few words! It takes time to become effective at using the above words and phrases, so practice using words like ‘respectively’, ‘somewhat’, and ‘the former/the latter’ many times before IELTS test day so that they become a habit! Remember to use these IELTS Task 1 grammar tips for the Writing section every time you are doing mock IELTS Writing tests, and you will see your IELTS Writing score improve!

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